English 中文版

Provisions of a Safety Investigation into a Foreign-related Marine Casualty or Marine Incident

From: Maritime Safety Administration of the People’s Republic of China 08/Sep/2020
Keypoint: Marine Casualty,Provisions,Marine Incident,China
Applicate ports: All Ports
Effective Date: 08/Sep/2020

Provisions of a Safety Investigation into a Foreign-related Marine Casualty or Marine Incident

Chapter I General Provisions

Article 1The Provisions of a Safety Investigation into a Foreign-related Marine Casualty or Marine Incident (hereinafter referred to as the “Provisions”) are formulated in accordance with Code of the International Standards and Recommended Practices for a Safety Investigation into a Marine Casualty or Marine Incident (Resolution MSC.255 (84), hereinafter referred to as “Casualty Investigation Code” ) and relevant laws and regulations, in order to promptly and effectively conduct a safety investigation into a foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident, and to fulfill the obligations under the relevant laws, regulations and international conventions.

Article 2The Provisions applies to a safety investigation into a foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident.

Article 3Maritime Safety Administration of the People’s Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as "China MSA") is responsible for notification on and safety investigation into a foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident.

Article 4A safety investigator of a foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident (hereinafter referred to as "safety investigator") is appointed and designated by China MSA. The appointment and designation shall be specified separately.

A safety investigator carrying out a marine safety investigation should have functional independence, be free of interference, and have access to the relevant information on other investigation.

Chapter II Reporting

Article 5When a foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident occurs in Chinese coastal waters and navigable inland waters, reporting shall be made according to the relevant provisions of maritime traffic accidents investigation and handling.

When a marine casualty or marine incident occurs to a ship flying Chinese flag engaged in international voyages in the waters beyond Chinese coastal waters and navigable inland waters, the report shall be made to the Maritime Safety Administration of its port of registry by the ship, its owner, operator and manager within 24 hours.

When amarine casualty or marine incident occurs between a ship flying Chinese flag engaged in domestic voyages and a foreign ship in the waters beyond Chinese coastal waters and navigable inland waters, the report shall be made to the Maritime Safety Administration of its port of registry by the ship flying Chinese flag, its owner, operator and manager within 24 hours.

When a marine casualty or marine incident occurs to a foreign ship with Chinese seafarers onboard in the waters beyond Chinese coastal waters and navigable inland waters, the seafarer agency shall promptly report to the Maritime Safety Administration which issued the seafarers’ qualification certificates.

The report shall include: ship’s name, call sign, nationality, IMO number, port of departure and port of arrival, contact information of the ship owner, operator or manager, time and location of the marine casualty, weather and sea conditions, injuries and damage, etc.

Article 6The MSA at all levels shall promptly report to the next superior on the information concerning foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident.

When a foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident occurs within Chinese coastal waters and navigable inland waters, the regional MSA shall report to China MSA within 24 hours, in the format of Express on Maritime Traffic Accidents, with an English summary.

When a foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident occurs in the waters beyond Chinese coastal waters and navigable inland waters, the regional MSA shall report to China MSA within 24 hours, in the format of Express on Maritime Traffic Accidents, with an English summary.

Article 7 The MSA at all levels, upon receiving the report of a foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident, shall promptly collect relevant information, evaluate the damage caused by the accident and potential damage, as well as lessons to be learned by the marine industry. In case the damage is very serious or the evaluation indicates lessons would be learned by the marine industry, the evaluation and relevant information shall be reported to China MSA without delay.

Article 8 The regional MSA, in accordance with Reports on Marine casualties and incidents (MSC/Circ. 953), shall submit to China MSA:

Annex 1-Ship Identification and Particulars within one week after the accident to the ship flying Chinese flag engaged in international voyages; and

Annex 2-Data for Very Serious and Serious Casualties and Annex 3-Supplementary Information on Very Serious and Serious Casualties after the investigation.

Article 9China MSA is responsible for the report to IMO in accordance with the Reports on Marine casualties and incidents, and for the exchange of casualty information with the substantially interested State(s) or region(s).

Chapter III Investigation

Article 10 A safety investigation into foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident:

1. shall be conducted when a very serious marine casualty occurs to a ship flying Chinese flag engaged in international voyages in any waters;

2. should be conducted when a marine casualty or incident occurs to a ship flying Chinese flag engaged in international voyages in any waters, from which lessons may be learned by the marine industry.

3. may be organized or conducted when a marine casualty or incident occurs to a foreign ship with the death or missing of Chinese seafarers, or Chinese seafarers involved;

4. may be conducted when a marine casualty or incident occurs to a foreign ship within Chinese territorial sea or inland waters; and

5. may be conducted when a marine casualty or incident occurs between a foreign ship and a ship flying Chinese flag engaged in domestic voyages beyond Chinese territorial sea or inland waters.

Article 11China MSA is responsible for organizing or participating in the safety investigation mentioned in Article 10.

Article 12Prior to a marine safety investigation, China MSA should notify the ship(s) involved, or the owner(s), operator(s) and manager(s) thereof,as well as the seafarer agency/agencies, the related maritime administration(s) and other institutions. The ship(s) involved, or the owner(s), operator(s) and manager(s) thereof,as well as the seafarer agency/agencies, the related maritime administration(s) and other institutions should cooperate with marine investigator(s).

Article 13When a foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident involves other substantially interested State(s) or region(s), China MSA may exchange the information, conduct a joint investigation and reach an agreement with the marine safety investigating State(s) or region(s), as appropriate.

Article 14The safety investigation into a foreign-related marine casualty or incident shall be conducted in parallel with the administrative investigation. Safety investigator(s) may acquirerelevantcasualty information from the administrative investigations. No information collected for safety investigation shall be provided to any organization other than the marine safety investigating Authorities.

Article 15Prior to the safety investigation, the investigator(s) shall inform the parties concerned of the rules of a safety investigation and their rights upheld.

Article 16The safety investigation into a foreign-related marine casualty or incident shall be conducted at the earliest practical opportunity to avoid ship’s undue delay and damage to seafarers’ interests.

Article 17 For the hit-and-run cases within Chinese territorial sea and inland waters, or cases beyond the above waters involving a ship flying Chinese flag, the safety investigation shall be conducted when the offending ship is identified through the administrative investigation.

Chapter IVInvestigation Reports

Article 18A Marine Safety Investigation Report On Foreign-related Marine Casualty or Marine Incidentshall contain:

1. a summary outlining the basic facts of the marine casualty or incident;

2. the identity of the flag State, owner, operator, company as identified in the Safety Management Certificate, and the classification society;

3. relevant technical data about the ship dimensions and power plant, together with a description of the crew, working routine and other matters , such as time served on the ship;

4. a narrative detailing the circumstances of the marine casualty or incident;

5. analysis and comment on the causal factors including any mechanical, human and organizational factors;

6. a discussion of the marine safety investigation’s findings, including identification of safety issues, and the marine safety investigation’s conclusions; and

7. where appropriate, recommendations with a view to preventing future marine casualties and incidents.

Article 19The marine safety investigator(s) is responsible for completing the draft reports, and submits to China MSA for review.

Article 20China MSA is responsible for finalizing the Marine Safety Investigation Reports on Foreign-related Marine Casualty or Marine Incident. The safety investigation’s findings may be exchanged in advance with the owner(s), operator(s) and manager(s) of the ship(s) involved, as well as the seafarer agency/agencies.

China MSA should invite the substantially interested State(s) or Region(s) to submit the comments on the draft report, or provide comments on the draft report of other marine safety investigating State(s).

China MSA should submit the final version of a marine safety investigation report to IMO and the substantially interested State(s) or Region(s), and make the report available to the public and the marine industry.

Chapter V Archives

Article 21The archives of a safety investigation into a foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident should be kept in accordance with the relevant requirements.

Chapter VI Supplementary

Article 22 For the purpose of the Provisions, the terms are defined as follows:

1. A marine casualty means an event, or a sequence of events, that has resulted in any of the following which has occurred directly in connection with the operations of a ship:

.1 the death or missing of, or serious injury to, a person;

.2 the loss, presumed loss or abandonment of, or material damage to, a ship;

.3 the collision, grounding, stranding or disabling of a ship;

.4 material damage to the marine infrastructure external to a ship, that could seriously endanger the safety of the ship, another ship or an individual;

.5 severe damage to the environment, or the potential for severe damage to the environment, brought about by the damage of a ship or ships.

A marine incident means an event, or sequence of events, other than a marine casualty, which has occurred directly in connection with the operations of a ship that endangered, or if not corrected, would endanger the safety of the ship, its occupants or any other person or the environment.

A marine casualty or marine incident does not include a deliberate act or omission, with the intention to cause harm to the safety of a ship, an individual or the environment.

2. A foreign-related marine casualty or marine incident means:

.1 a marine casualty or marine incident that occurs to a ship flying Chinese flag engaged in international voyages in any waters.

.2 a marine casualty or marine incident that occurs between a ship flying Chinese flag and foreign ship.

.3 a marine casualty or marine incident that occurs to a foreign ship with Chinese seafarers onboard.

.4 a marine casualty or marine incident that occurs to a foreign ship in Chinese territorial sea or inland waters.

3. A marine safety investigation means an investigation or inquiry conducted by China MSA, according tothe Casualty Investigation Code, into a marine casualty or marine incident, with the objective of preventing marine casualties and marine incidents in the future. The investigation includes the collection and analysis of evidence, the identification of casual factors and the making of safety recommendations as necessary.

4. A very serious marine casualty means a marine casualty involving the total loss of the ship or a death or missing or severe damage to the environment.

5. A ship flying Chinese flag engaged in international voyages refers to the ship holding a valid “Registration Certificate of International Marine Transport ships”.

6. Severe damage to the environment means damage to the environment which, as evaluated by the State(s) affected, or the flag State, as appropriate, produces a major deleterious effect upon the environment.

Definition of relevant terms not covered in the Provisions could be referred to the Casualty Investigation Code.

Article 23The Provisions shall take effect on the date of issuance.

来源: Maritime Safety Administration of the People’s Republic of China 08/Sep/2020
关键词: Marine Casualty,Provisions,Marine Incident,China
适用港口: 所有港口
生效日期: 08/Sep/2020

对涉外海难或海上事故进行安全调查的规定

第一章总则

第一条根据《国际海上人命伤亡事故安全调查规则》和《国际海上人命伤亡事故安全调查建议措施》的规定,制定《涉外海事事故安全调查规定》(以下简称《规定》)。海洋事件(决议MSC.255(84),以下简称“伤亡调查法”)和相关法律法规,以便及时,有效地对涉外海上伤亡或海上事件进行安全调查,并履行相关法律,法规和国际公约规定的义务。

第二条本规定适用于对涉外海上事故或海上事故的安全调查。

第三条中华人民共和国海事安全监督管理局(以下简称“中国海事安全监督管理组织”)负责对外涉海事故或海事事故的通报和安全调查。

第四条中国海事局指定并指定涉外海上事故或海上事故的安全调查员(以下简称“安全调查员”)。任命和名称应分开规定。

进行海上安全调查的安全调查员应具有功能独立性,不受干扰,并可以获取其他调查的相关信息。

第二章报告

第五条在中国沿海水域和通航内河水域发生涉外海事事故或海上事故时,应当按照海上交通事故调查处理的有关规定进行报告。

在中国沿海水域和可通行内陆水域以外的水域中从事国际航行的悬挂中国国旗的船舶发生海上伤亡或海上事故时,该报告应由该船舶向其注册港口的海事安全局报告,所有者,运营商和经理在24小时内。

在中国境内航行的悬挂中国国旗的船舶与在中国沿海水域和通航内陆水域以外的水域中的外国船舶之间发生海上伤亡或海上事件时,应当向登记港的海事安全管理局报告。船在24小时内悬挂中国国旗,其所有者,经营者和经理。

外国船员在中国沿海水域和通行内陆水域以外的船上遇有中国海员时,若发生海上事故或海上事故,海员机构应立即向颁发海员资格证书的海事安全局报告。

报告应包括:船舶的名称,呼号,国籍,IMO编号,出发港和到达港,船东,经营人或管理人的联系方式,海上人员伤亡的时间和地点,天气和海况,伤害和损坏等

第六条各级海上安全监督管理部门应当及时将有关涉外海上人员伤亡或海上事故的信息报告给下任上级。

在中国沿海水域和通航内陆水域发生涉外海事伤亡或海上事故时,地区性MSA应在24小时内以《海上交通事故速报》的格式向中国MSA报告,并附有英文摘要。

当在中国沿海水域和可通行内陆水域以外的海域发生涉外海上人员伤亡或海洋事故时,区域性MSA应在24小时内以《海上交通事故速报》的格式向中国MSA报告,并提供英文摘要。

第七条各级海事管理人员接到涉外海难或海事事故报告后,应及时收集有关资料,评估事故造成的损害和潜在的损害,并从中汲取教训。行业。如果损坏非常严重或评估表明海洋行业可以吸取教训,则评估和相关信息应立即报告给中国MSA。

第八条区域海上安全保障协定,应根据《海上人员伤亡及事件报告》(MSC / Circ.953),向中国海上安全监察局提交:

附件一:在悬挂中国国旗的国际航行船舶发生事故后一周内的船舶识别和详细情况;和

附件2-非常严重和严重人员伤亡数据和附件3-关于调查后非常严重和严重人员伤亡的补充信息。

第九条中国海事局负责根据《海上人员伤亡和事件报告》向海事组织提交报告,并与具有重大利益的国家或地区交换人员伤亡信息。

第三章调查

第十条涉外海上事故或海上事故的安全调查:

(一)在任何水域内悬挂国际航行的中国国旗的船舶发生非常严重的海上事故时,应当进行;

2.当在任何水域中飘扬着中国国旗的国际航行船舶发生海事伤亡或事故时,应进行此项工作,海洋工业可以从中汲取教训。

(三)外国船舶发生海难或事故,造成中国海员或者涉案中国海员死亡或者失踪的,可以组织或者进行;

(四)外国船舶在中国领海或内陆水域发生海上人员伤亡或事故的,可以进行;和

5.当外国船舶与悬挂中国国旗并在中国领海或内陆水域以外航行的中国国旗的船舶之间发生海上人员伤亡或事件时,可进行该事故。

第十一条中国海事局负责组织或参加第十条所述的安全调查。

第十二条中国海上安全监督管理局在进行海上安全调查之前,应通知有关船舶或其所有人,经营人和管理人以及海员代理机构,有关海事。行政部门和其他机构。所涉船舶或其所有人,经营人和管理人以及海员机构,有关海事主管部门和其他机构应与海事调查员合作s)。

第十三条涉外海上伤亡或海上事故涉及其他重大利害关系国或地区的,中国海事局可以交换信息,进行联合调查,并与海洋安全调查国达成协议。或地区(视情况而定)。

第十四条对涉外海难或事故的安全调查,应当与行政调查同时进行。安全调查员可以从行政调查中获取有关伤亡的信息。除海上安全调查机构外,不得将收集到的用于安全调查的信息提供给任何组织。

第十五条安全调查前,调查人员应当将安全调查的规则及其维护的权利告知有关当事人。

第十六条对涉外海难或事故的安全调查,应尽早进行,以免造成船舶的不当延误和损害海员利益。

第十七条在中国领海和内陆水域内发生的逃逸案件,或者在上述海域以外涉及悬挂中国国旗的船舶的案件,经行政调查确定违法船舶后,应当进行安全调查。

第四章调查报告

第十八条海事安全调查报告,涉外海上事故或海上事件应包括:

1.概述海上伤亡或事件的基本事实;

2.在《安全管理证书》中确定的船旗国,所有人,经营者,公司的身份,以及船级社;

3.有关船舶尺寸和动力装置的有关技术数据,以及对船员的描述,工作程序和其他事项,例如在船上服务的时间;

4.详细叙述海上人员伤亡或事件情况的叙述;

5.分析和评论包括机械,人为和组织因素在内的因果因素;

6.讨论海上安全调查的结果,包括确定安全问题以及海上安全调查的结论;和

7.酌情提出建议,以防止将来发生海上人员伤亡和事件。

第十九条海上安全调查员负责填写报告草稿,并报中国海事局审查。

第二十条中国海事局负责定稿有关涉外海难或海上事故海洋安全调查报告。安全调查的发现可以事先与所涉船舶的船东,经营人和经理以及海员代理机构交换。

中国海事局应邀请对此有重大兴趣的国家或地区对报告草案发表意见,或对其他海洋安全调查国的报告草案发表意见。

中国海事局应向国际海事组织和引起浓厚兴趣的国家或地区提交海洋安全调查报告的最终版本,并将报告提供给公众和海洋工业。

第五章档案

第二十一条对涉外海上伤亡或海上事故的安全调查档案,应当按照有关规定保存。

第六章附则

第二十二条本规定的用语定义如下:

1. 海上人员伤亡是指导致以下任何直接与船舶的运行有关的事件或一系列事件:

.1人的死亡,失踪或严重伤害;

.2船舶的损失,推定的损失或遗弃或物质损坏;

.3船舶的碰撞,搁浅,搁浅或失能;

.4对船舶外部海洋基础设施的物质损害,可能严重危害船舶,另一艘船舶或个人的安全;

.5一艘或多艘船舶的损坏对环境的严重损害,或对环境的严重损害的可能性。

一个海上事件指事件或事件的顺序,除海上事故,这直接发生在与船舶的操作连接危及,或者如果不纠正,将危及船舶的安全,它的居住者或其他任何他人或环境。

海上人员伤亡或海上事件不包括故意损害船舶,个人或环境安全的蓄意作为或不作为。

2.涉外海上伤亡或海上事件是指:

.1在任何水域悬挂国际航行的中国国旗的船舶发生的海上事故或海上事故。

.2在悬挂中国国旗的船舶与外国船舶之间发生的海上人员伤亡或海上事故。

.3遇有中国海员的外国船舶发生的海上事故或海上事故。

.4外国船舶在中国领海或内陆水域发生的海上事故或海上事故。

3. 海洋安全调查是指中国海事管理总局根据《伤亡调查法》对海上事故或海上事故进行的调查或询问,目的是防止今后发生海上事故和海上事故。调查包括收集和分析证据,识别偶然因素并根据需要制定安全建议。

4. 非常严重的海上事故是指涉及船舶全部损失或对环境造成死亡,失踪或严重破坏的海上事故。

五,在国际航行中悬挂中国国旗的船舶,是指持有有效的“国际海上运输船舶登记证”的船舶。

6. 对环境的严重破坏是对环境的破坏,经受影响国家或船旗国(视情况而定)评估,对环境产生重大有害影响。

本规定未涉及的相关术语的定义,可以参照“ 伤亡调查守则”进行

第二十三条本规定自发布之日起生效。