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Notice Regarding Further Promoting Ships Using Shore Power at Port

From: Maritime Safety Administration 24/Oct/2019
Keypoint: Shore Power, Port, Environment
Applicate ports: country:China
Effective Date: 24/Oct/2019
The Maritime Safety Administration has issued the following work notice, to promote green development and expand the use of shore power for ships while at port. This contributes to the government’s efforts to combat pollution and strive for blue skies, as enshrined in Xi Jinping’s Thought on Chinese Socialism in the New Era and the spirit of the 19th Party Congress.

1. Unify Standards for Shore Power and Normalize Shore Power Facilities

(1) Strengthen coordination and convergence of standards.
Strengthen coordination among departments and within the industry, promote communication and cooperation among relevant industry associations, scientific research institutions and companies in transportation and energy to formulate and revise standards, and improve convergence among inter-industry standards and coordination with national and international standards. Promote joint formulation of a shore power standards system covering facility construction, equipment configuration, operations and handling, inspections and testing, and information exchange. Company standards, regional standards and group standards shall emphasize convergence with national and industry-level standards. Promote shore power facility usage that is standardized, stable and safe for ships.
(2) Improve key standards and specifications for the transportation industry.
Organize formulation and revision of technical specifications for shore power facilities and technical standards for ship-shore connections targeted at the special characteristics of shore power in inland rivers; Publish technical guidelines for constructing shore power facilities at piers along inland rivers, with a focus on improving standards of low-voltage and small-capacity shore power; Require newbuildings to install equipment to receive shore power and unify standards for shore-ship power connectors; Organize and prepare technical specifications for inspecting pier-based shore power facilities and clarify inspection processes and requirements; Revise technical regulations of shore power systems and strengthen compatibility assessments, technical status confirmations and the operational safety of shore power.
(3) Improve key standards and specifications for the energy industry.
Organize and prepare technical specifications for the ports’ shore power supply and distribution systems, and make requirements for the impact of connecting shore power to the grid and the quality of the power supply; Prepare technical specifications for port power supply systems and clarify the distribution capacity and power supply methods, and ensure reliable use of power for ships; Prepare technical specifications for operation of shore power, and unify communication protocols between shore power and ship systems, between shore power systems and operation platforms, and between platforms, thus realizing interconnection and interoperability of shore power applications.
(4) Strengthen publicity and training.
Take advantage of transportation- and power-related industry associations and research institutions to disseminate standards and specifications, and promote effective implementation of these. Relevant companies in the transportation and power industries shall strengthen training of personnel engaged in design, construction, operation and maintenance of shore power facilities and increase management and operational quality.

2. Accelerate Construction of Facilities and Promote Large-Scale Shore Power Development

(5) Strengthen convergence of overall planning.
Local departments in charge of development and reform and energy management shall strengthen convergence with port shore power layout plans, port master plans and regional shipping development plans when preparing the power plan. The State Grid Corporation, the China Southern Power Grid Corporation and other relevant power companies shall actively implement distribution network plans, accelerate power grid upgrades and modifications and construct grids for supporting shore power, and meet the power demands of ships using shore power at port.
(6) Strictly implement requirements for parallel installation of shore power facilities at new piers and ships.
Local departments in charge of development and reform and transportation shall supervise in the parallel design and installation of shore power facilities during the key phases of approval, design review and acceptance of projects involving the construction, reconstruction or expansion of piers, in accordance with the Law on the Prevention of Air Pollution and the Regulations on Port Infrastructure Construction Management, and other relevant standards and norms. Ship inspection agencies shall strictly implement statutory ship inspection rules and specifications, and require new ships to install power receiving facilities and related ancillary equipment in parallel.
(7) Actively promote modification of existing piers and ships for shore power facilities.
Local departments in charge of transportation shall supervise port enterprises in speeding up modification of existing piers to install shore power facilities. The projects included in the Port Shore Power Layout Plan shall be completed before the end of 2020, with a goal to have equipment to supply ships with shore power installed at over 50% of berths servicing containerships, ro-ro passenger ships, cruise ships, and 3,000 tons-plus passenger transports and 50% of specialized berths for 5,000 tons-plus dry cargo ships. Conduct surveys of power receiving facilities on ships and encourage existing ships to speed up modifications. Local departments in charge of transportation and power companies may sign cooperation agreements based on actual needs. Support port and shipping companies to strengthen cooperation with power companies and increase investment in constructing port shore power facilities.
(8) Promote construction of shore power facilities in key areas.
On the basis of pushing full coverage of shore power facilities in the Beijing-Hangzhou Canal Service Area, the State Grid Corporation shall continue to play a key role in promoting shore power facility construction at major ports along the Yangtze River trunk line. Deepen cooperation in shore power facility construction in the Three Gorges Dam area, and accelerate the construction and application of the Three Gorges Shore Power Development Experimental Zone. Full coverage of shore power for ports and anchorages in the main navigable waters of the Three Gorges shall be basically realized by the end of 2020. The China Southern Grid Corporation shall take advantage of its location to drive shore power facility construction at major ports and anchorages along the Pearl River trunk line, including ports in the Pearl River Delta and along the coast.

3. Improve Mechanisms for Power Supply and Sales, and Promote Sustainable Development of Shore Power

(9) Implement policies allowing companies that operate shore power facilities to sell power.
Local departments in charge of development and reform, energy and transportation departments shall speed up implementation of policies allowing port enterprises and other operators shore power facilities to charge ships for supplying electricity based on current prices; Refine relevant requirements and effectively handle issues arising when shore power operators, in particular port enterprises, are unable to collect power fees from ships.
(10) Promote reduced costs for using shore power.
Local departments in charge of development and reform shall speed up implementation of policies regarding industrial energy prices and free capacity (demand) fees for port shore power. Research and improve policies for shore power service fees and promote reasonable and standardized service fees collection, in accordance with national requirements on reducing costs and improving efficiency. Encourage shore power operators to implement discounts during the market incubation period.
(11) Support port enterprises participating in power marketization reforms. Local departments in charge of development and reform and energy, and local offices of the National Energy Administration, shall provide efficient services for port enterprises and other businesses in registering to sell power, and provide support and coordination for eligible port enterprises to participate in a national pilot reform to increase power distribution. Encourage port companies to participate in market-based power purchases.

4. Increase Support and Promote Normal Use of Shore Power

(12) Define requirements to using shore power.
Accelerate study and formulation of regulations for departments using shore power; Implement provisions in the Law on Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution for ships to prioritize use of shore power while at port; Propose requirements for ships to prioritize use of shore power while at port. Requirements to use shore power shall be implemented in terms of phases, sub-regions and sub-types, with ship emission control zones first. All ships with equipment for ship-shore power (excluding cargo ships) shall be required to use shore power starting July 1, 2019. All cruise ships shall be required to use shore power starting January 1, 2021. All Chinese-flagged inland and ogean-going ships shall be required to use shore power starting January 1, 2022. Encourage port enterprises and shore power facility operators to sign shore power use agreements with shipping companies, and gradually increase the proportion of shore power use.
(13) Strengthen financial policy guidance.
Until market-based shore power operation mechanisms have been fully established, existing capital channels shall be used to establish a financial reward mechanism linked to the benefits of using shore power facilities. The mechanism will substitute subsidies with awards in promoting the construction and widespread use of shore power facilities. Local departments in charge of finance shall actively introduce local reward policies. Local departments in charge of transportation shall take full use of policy opportunities to accelerate construction of shore power facilities in ports and water service areas, as well as power receiving equipment on ships, and push wide-spread usage.
(14) Form mechanisms to optimize energy consumption statistics, assessment systems and power fees.
Optimize port energy statistics and related standards, including clarifying that port energy consumption does not include shore power. Local departments in charge of energy conservation shall encourage and support port enterprises in implementing shore power modifications and use when assigning and assessing “double control” targets of energy conservation for key power-consuming work units. Local departments in charge of development and reform and energy shall actively make investments into efficient assets of companies distributing power grids to drive the construction and modification of appropriate grids for supporting shore power. Reasonable operational costs shall be incorporated into power distribution permit costs.
(15) Encourage local support policies.
Local departments in charge of transportation, development and reform and energy shall actively push local governments to introduce support policies for shore power construction, operation, and use, and incentives to prioritize entry for ships using shore power. Simplify the approval process for port shore power projects and include such projects into the green channel of land use. Encourage port enterprises to implement incentives such as prioritized berthing for ships using shore power.

5. Improve Service Levels and Promote Shore Power Usage

(16) Support convenient and efficient services.
Power grid companies at all levels shall open a “green channel” for shore power services and establish shore power service mechanisms of early intervention, active service, efficient operation. Simplify procedures for examination and approval, speed up shore power generation capacity, and invest in REDline external power distributors. Assist port enterprises and coordinate relevant departments to accelerate construction of REDline substations and switches and meet the demand from ships using shore power.
(17) Achieve Unified Settlement in Key Areas.
The State Grid Corporation and the China Southern Power Grid Corporation shall establish a standardized and unified service platform for shore power operators. Create multi-channel service payment methods, focusing on creating a unified settlement system for the Beijing-Hangzhou Canal, the Yangtze River trunk line, the Pearl River trunk line and the Pearl River Delta in the first phase. Relevant data shall be shared among departments to improve the convenience of shore power application and user satisfaction. Power grid companies shall take advantage of “Internet+” marketing services to optimize shore power methods, enrich service content. Encourage internet companies to participate in operational service innovation.
(18) Strengthen technological progress.
High-voltage transformation technology for shore power remains complex, with operation of such power facilities inconvenient and unsafe at piers along inland rivers with large differences in water level. Construction and use of shore power at riverside anchorages is also highly difficult. In view of these issues, strengthen research and development of key technologies and new equipment; Increase the stability, safety and usability of shore power facilities; Promote the development of shore power equipment manufacturers and the sustainable and healthy development of a shore power industrial chain.
来源: Maritime Safety Administration 24/Oct/2019
关键词: Shore Power, Port, Environment
适用港口: country:China
生效日期: 24/Oct/2019


1、 统一岸电标准,促进岸电规范化建设

(一) 强化标准的协调与衔接。加强部门、行业间协调,促进交通、能源等相关行业协会、科研机构、有关企业在标准制修订方面的沟通与合作,做好行业间标准的衔接,并与国家标准和国际标准协调,共同推动建立涵盖岸电设施建设、设备配置、运营操作、检验检测、信息交换等全链条的岸电标准体系。企业标准、地方标准和团体标准应注重与国家标准和行业标准的衔接,促进岸电设施规范建设、稳定运行和船舶安全使用。
(二) 完善交通行业重点标准规范。针对沿海和内河岸电特点,组织制修订码头岸电设施建设技术规范和船舶岸电技术规范,发布内河码头船舶岸电设施建设技术指南,重点完善码头低压小容量岸电建设标准,对新建船舶提出配备受电设施要求,统一码头与船舶间岸电接插件标准。组织编制码头船舶岸电设施检测技术规范,明确设施检测流程和技术要求。修订岸电系统操作技术规程,强化码头和船舶岸电兼容性评估、技术状态确认、安全操作等内容。
(三) 完善能源行业重点标准规范。组织编制港口岸电接入电网技术规范,在岸电接入对电网影响和电能质量等方面提出要求。编制港口供配电系统技术规范,明确配电容量和供电方式等内容,保障船舶可靠用电。编制岸电运营服务技术规范,统一岸电和船舶系统、岸电系统和运营服务平台、平台和平台之间的通信规约,实现岸电应用互联互通。
(四) 加强宣贯和培训。充分发挥交通运输、电力行业相关协会、科研机构作用,加大对标准规范的宣贯力度,促进标准规范有效执行。有关交通运输、电力行业企业要加强对岸电设施设计、建设、操作和运营维护管理人员的培训,提升管理和操作水平。

2、 加快设施建设,推动岸电规模化发展

(五) 强化规划衔接。各地发展改革、能源主管部门在编制电力规划时要加强与港口岸电布局方案、港口总体规划以及区域性航运发展规划等的衔接。国家电网公司、南方电网公司等相关电网企业积极落实配电网规划,加快电网升级改造和岸电配套电网建设,满足船舶靠港使用岸电需求。
(六) 严格落实新建码头和船舶同步建设岸电设施要求。各地交通运输主管部门、发展改革部门应按照《中华人民共和国大气污染防治法》《港口工程建设管理规定》和有关标准规范要求,在项目核准备案、设计审查、验收等重点环节督促新建、改建、扩建码头同步设计、建设岸电设施。船舶检验机构严格落实船舶法定检验规则和建造规范,要求新建船舶同步配置受电设施及相关配套设备。
(七) 积极推进现有码头和船舶岸电设施改造。各地交通运输主管部门应督促港口企业加快已建码头岸电设施改造,2020年底前完成《港口岸电布局方案》的建设任务,实现全国主要港口50%以上已建的集装箱、客滚、邮轮、3千吨级以上客运和5万吨级以上干散货专业化泊位具备向船舶供应岸电能力的目标。开展船舶受电设施情况摸底调查,鼓励现有船舶加快改造。各地交通运输主管部门和电力公司可结合实际需求,签署合作协议。支持港航企业与电力公司加强协作,加大港口岸电设施投资建设力度。
(八) 推动重点区域岸电设施建设。国家电网公司在推动京杭运河水上服务区岸电设施全覆盖的基础上,继续在推动长江干线主要港口岸电设施建设方面发挥骨干作用。深化三峡坝区岸电建设合作机制,加快三峡岸电发展实验区建设和应用,2020年底前基本实现三峡通航核心水域港口和待闸锚地岸电设施全覆盖。南方电网公司发挥区位优势,加快推动西江航运干线主要港口、待闸锚地和珠三角沿海主要港口岸电设施建设。

3、 完善供售电机制,推动岸电可持续发展 

(九) 落实允许岸电设施运营企业售电政策。各地发展改革、能源、交通运输等部门加快落实允许港口企业等岸电设施运营企业按现行电价政策向船舶收取电费等政策,细化相关要求,切实解决岸电设施运营企业尤其是港口企业不能向船舶收取电费问题。
(十) 推动降低岸电使用成本。各地发展改革部门要加快落实关于港口岸电执行大工业电价、免收容量(需量)电费政策。按照国家降本增效要求,研究完善岸电服务费政策,推动岸电服务费合理、规范收取。鼓励岸电设施运营企业在市场培育期实施服务费优惠。
(十一) 支持港口企业等参与电力市场化改革。各地发展改革、能源主管部门和国家能源局派出机构,应为港口企业等注册开展售电业务提供高效服务,支持并帮助协调符合条件的港口企业等优先参与国家增量配电业务改革试点,鼓励港口企业等参与市场化购电。

4、 加大支持力度,推动岸电常态化使用

(十二) 明确岸电使用管理要求。加快研究制定岸电使用部门规章,落实《中华人民共和国大气污染防治法》中船舶靠港应当优先使用岸电的规定,提出船舶靠港应当优先使用岸电要求。率先在船舶排放控制区实施分阶段、分区域、分类型使用岸电要求,2019年7月1日起具有船舶岸电系统船载装置的现有船舶(液货船舶除外)应按要求靠港使用岸电,2021年1月1日起邮轮应按要求靠港使用岸电,2022年1月1日起中国籍的内河船舶和海船应按要求靠港使用岸电。鼓励港口企业、岸电设施运营企业与航运企业签订岸电使用协议,不断提高岸电使用比例。
(十三) 加强财政政策引导。在岸电设施的市场化经营管理机制尚未完全建立之前,利用现有资金渠道,建立与岸电设施使用效益相挂钩的财政资金奖励机制,采取“以奖代补”的方式促进岸电设施建设和推广使用。各地财政部门积极出台地方财政资金奖励政策。各地交通运输主管部门应充分利用政策机遇,加快推动港口、水上服务区岸电设施建设和船舶受电设施改造,并强化推广使用。
(十四) 优化能耗统计、考核制度以及电价形成机制。优化港口能耗统计制度和相关标准,明确港口能源消耗量不包括岸电用电量。各地节能主管部门在分解和考核重点用能单位能耗“双控”目标任务时,应鼓励和支持港口企业实施岸电改造和使用。各地发展改革、能源主管部门,要积极落实将因岸电电能替代产生的合理岸电配套电网建设改造投资纳入配电网企业有效资产,将合理运营成本纳入输配电准许成本。
(十五) 鼓励各地出台配套支持政策。各地交通运输、发展改革、能源等部门要积极推动地方政府出台岸电建设、运营、使用等支持政策,出台对使用岸电船舶优先过闸等鼓励政策,进一步简化港口岸电项目审批流程,将港口岸电设施建设项目纳入用地绿色通道,鼓励港口企业对使用岸电船舶实施优先靠离泊等激励措施。

5、 提升服务水平,推动岸电便利化使用

(十六) 配套便捷高效的务。各级电网公司要开辟岸电服务“绿色通道”,建立提前介入、主动服务、高效运转的岸电项目服务机制,简化审批手续、加快岸电增容接电速度,落实红线外供配电设施投资,协助港口企业协调相关部门加快红线内变电站、开关站建设,加快满足靠港船舶使用岸电需求。
(十七) 实现重点区域统一结算。国家电网公司和南方电网公司研究建立规范统一的岸电运营服务平台,创新多渠道岸电服务支付方式,率先在京杭运河、长江干线、西江航运干线和长三角水网地区实现区域岸电统一结算,相关数据与主管部门实现信息共享,提升岸电应用便利性和用户满意度。发挥电网企业“互联网+”营销服务优势,优化岸电服务方式,丰富服务内容,鼓励互联网企业参与运营服务创新。
(十八) 强化技术进步。针对高压变频岸电技术复杂,内河大水位差码头岸电操作不便捷、不安全,江心锚地岸电建设和使用难度大等问题,加强关键技术和新型设备研发,提高岸电设备设施的稳定性、安全性和使用便捷性,推动岸电装备制造业发展,促进岸电产业链持续健康发展。